Background research and evidence review

Engaging complex questions with an in-depth review of evidence and knowledge


When completing background research, JG staff systematically review and summarize current peer-reviewed and gray literature, explore national evidence-based registries, and review resources from key organizations. Our application of these skills allows us to engage in a broad range of topics, collaborating with clients to uncover new insights and discover ways to move your work forward based on inclusive and rigorous review of existing knowledge and information. 


Types of background research expertise:

  • Literature and policy review

  • Evidence review and synthesis

  • Analysis of secondary or already collected data

  • Key informant interviews to understand relevant questions and priorities

Examples of background research and evidence review at JG:

Review of Programs for Criminal-Justice Involved Parents and Families

JG staff led an environmental scan of evidence-based programs that support criminal-justice involved parents and families. The goal of the project was to identify programs and practices at each sequential intercept that could be implemented by the Lewis and Clark County Department of Criminal Justice Services.

Deliverable: Department of Criminal Justice Services

Client: United Way of Lewis and Clark Area & Criminal Justice Services Department

Tags: Qualitative Data and Analysis, Behavioral Health

Planning for Establishment of an Urban Indian Epidemiology Program

JG staff are applying a legal epidemiology approach to review the current state of knowledge around physical and emotional needs of urban Indians in Montana to support a MCUIH Demonstration Project funded by the HHS Office of Minority Affairs. The goal of the project is to build an approach to population health surveillance and health programming that reflects policy barriers and historical marginalization, and provides urban Indian health centers with strategies to address the specific needs and information gaps of urban Indians.

Deliverable: Montana Consortium for Urban Indian Health

Client: Montana Consortium for Urban Indian Health (MCUIH)

Tags: Project Management, Data Dashboards and Analytics, Public Health

Zero Hunger, Zero Emissions

JG staff conducted a systematic review and synthesis of data and evidence to quantify the climate change mitigation and equity impacts of various land-based climate change mitigation strategies. The goal of the project was to provide background research and a framework to support the Oxfam America Food Security and Climate Change team in their planning and programming.

Deliverable: Zero Hunger, Zero Emissions

Client: Oxfam America

Tags: Mixed Methods, Environment and Natural Resources